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1. What is Cystoscopy?

Cystoscopy is the use of the endoscope, going into the urinary bladder through the patient's urethra, prostate (male). Doctor can observe the internal status, to carry out examination, diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

2. What is the function of Cystoscopy?

Cystoscopy can check the patient's lower urinary system, including the internal conditions of the urethra, prostate (male) and the urinary bladder. If some abnormalities found, such as stones, wall ulcers, bleeding, polyps, or tumor, doctor can treat it such as removal of polyps, hemostasis, or take a biopsy at the same time for laboratory test.

3. Before Cystoscopy, what do I need to prepare and pay attention?

Points to note for patients before cystoscopy:

  • Sign the consent form for receiving colonoscopy examination or treatment after well understanding with doctor’s explanation.
  • Patient should keep normal diet.
  • Before start, empty the bladder, so that a clear view can be observed by doctor during cystoscopy.
  • Follow the date, time and place for meeting the appointment of the colonoscopy.

4. During the Cystoscopy, what do I need to cooperate for making procedure go smooth?

Before start, patient should keep supine position. Doctor will squeeze the analgesic lubricating jelly into the urethra, in order to reduce the discomfort. The endoscope will be inserted into the bladder via urethra. Patient may have the feeling of urinary bladder full. If necessary, doctor will take some biopsy for laboratory test. The whole procedure takes around 20 to 30 minutes.

5. After Cystoscopy, any follow-up or points to note for patients?

Patient should drink more water to reduce the chance of infection or inflammation. The subsequent urine passed may have some blood or patient is feeling pain, but it will be subsided shortly. If patient passes the urine difficultly and arising from abdominal pain, inflammation or persistent hematuria, should notify the doctor.

6. What is the adverse effect(s) of Cystoscopy?

Mainly the cystoscopy examination may lead to hematuria, inflammation, but it will be subsided shortly. Urinary bladder perforation, urethra damaging is highly unlikely to occur.